Einsatzgruppen: An Overview | The Holocaust Encyclopedia

 

german mobile killing squads

During World War II, the Nazi German Einsatzkommandos were a sub-group of five Einsatzgruppen mobile killing squads—up to 3, men each—usually composed of , functionaries of the SS and Gestapo, whose mission was to kill Jews, Polish intellectuals, Romani, communists and the NKVD. Nearly 4 million German soldiers advanced through Soviet-occupied territory from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea and into the Soviet Union itself. The German army was followed by Einsatzgruppen A, B, C, and D—four special mobile killing units, each made up of about a thousand men from the security police and the German intelligence service. Their job was to kill any Jews they could find in the occupied Soviet territory. Some residents of the occupied regions, mostly Ukrainians, Latvians, and Lithuanians, aided these German mobile killing squads by serving as auxiliary police. The mobile killing .


The Mobile Killing Squads


Under cover of war and confident of victory, german mobile killing squads, the Germans turned from the forced emigration and imprisonment of Jews to mass murder. Special action squads, or Einsatzgruppenmade up of Nazi SS units and police, moved with speed on the heels of the advancing German army.

Their job was to kill any Jews they could find in the occupied Soviet territory. Some residents of the occupied regions, german mobile killing squads, mostly Ukrainians, Latvians, and Lithuanians, aided these German mobile killing squads by serving as auxiliary police.

The mobile killing units acted swiftly, taking the Jewish population by surprise. The killers entered a town or city and rounded up all Jewish men, women, and children.

They also took away many Communist party leaders and Roma Gypsies. Victims were forced to surrender any valuables and remove their clothing, which was later sent for use in Germany or distributed to local collaborators. Then the killing squad members marched their victims to open fields, german mobile killing squads, forests, and ravines on the outskirts of conquered towns and cities.

There they shot them or gassed them in gas vans and dumped the bodies into mass graves. On September 21,the eve of the Jewish New Year, a mobile killing squad entered Ejszyszki, a small town in what is now Lithuania, german mobile killing squads. The killing squad members herded 4, Jews from the town and the surrounding region into three synagogues, where they were held for two days without food or water. Then, in two days of killing, Jewish men, women, and children were taken german mobile killing squads cemeteries, lined up in front of open pits, and shot to death.

Today there are no Jews in Ejszyszki. It was one of hundreds of cities, towns, and shtetls whose Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. German mobile killing squads rich culture of most of these Jewish communities was lost forever. The killing squads murdered more than a million Jews and tens of thousands of other innocent people. At Babi Yar, near Kiev, about 34, Jews were murdered in two days of shooting. Only a few people in the general population helped their Jewish neighbors escape.

Most people were afraid that they too might be killed. The massacres of innocent men, women, and children in Babi Yar and other towns were not the crimes of hoodlums or crazy men. The executioners were "ordinary" men who followed the orders of their commanding officers. Many of the killers had wives and children back in Germany.

Propaganda and training had taught many members of the mobile killing squads to view their victims as enemies of Germany. Some killers drank heavily to dull their thoughts and feelings. In addition, when they described their actions they used code words like "special treatment" and "special action" instead of "killing" or "murder" to distance themselves from their terrible crimes.

June 22, Killing squads deployed against Jews German mobile killing squads, called special duty units Einsatzgruppenare assigned to kill Jews during the invasion of the Soviet Union. These squads follow the German army, as it advances deep into Soviet territory, and carry out mass-murder operations. At first, the mobile killing squads shoot primarily Jewish men.

Soon, wherever the mobile killing squads go they shoot all Jewish men, women, and children, without regard for age or gender. German mobile killing squads the spring ofthe mobile killing squads will have killed more than a million Jews and tens of thousands of partisans, Roma Gypsiesand Soviet political officials. In reality, those who report are directed along Melnik Street toward the Jewish cemetery and the ravine, called Babi Yar. Jews are forced to hand over their valuables, disrobe, and move into the ravine in small groups.

German killing squads and Ukrainian auxiliary units shoot them. The massacre continues for two days. About 34, Jews—men, women, and children—are killed in this operation. In the months that follow, thousands more Jews are shot at Babi Yar. Many non-Jews, including Roma Gypsies and Soviet prisoners of war, are german mobile killing squads killed in the ravine. He reports that his squad killedgerman mobile killing squads, Jewish men, women, and children.

Jews in the cities of Kovno, Ukmerge, and Vilna are killed in a series of massacres throughout the summer of Almost all Jews living in small Lithuanian towns and villages are killed. Jaeger reports that only about 35, Jews remain, german mobile killing squads, mostly as forced laborers in the Kovno, Vilna, and Siauliai ghettos.

We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create german mobile killing squads and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.

View the list of all donors. You are searching in English. Tags Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics. Browse A-Z Find german mobile killing squads, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically, german mobile killing squads. For Teachers Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust. About This Site.

Glossary : Full Glossary. Mobile Killing Squads. More information about this image. Key Dates June 22, Killing squads deployed against Jews German mobile killing squads, called special duty units Einsatzgruppenare assigned to kill Jews during the invasion of the Soviet Union. Article Nazi Rule. Article Jews in Prewar Germany. Article The "Final Solution".

Article Nazi Camp System. Article Rescue and Resistance. Glossary Terms. Series: The "Final Solution". Thank you for supporting our work We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia.

 

Einsatzgruppen | Nazi killing units | lpgs.ga

 

german mobile killing squads

 

Einsatzgruppen killing squads start. Jewish women about to be killed by an Einsatzgruppe. Just as he had during the invasion of Poland, two years before, SS General Reinhard Heydrich ordered Einsatzgruppen (special task forces) of security personnel (mostly SS, Gestapo, Police and SD) to enter the Soviet Union in the wake of the German invasion. Mobile Killing Squads After the German army invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, , a new stage in the Holocaust began. Under cover of war and confident of victory, the Germans turned from the forced emigration and imprisonment of Jews to mass murder. Most people who think of the Holocaust think first of extermination camps like Auschwitz – but the first killings of the Nazi Final Solution were actually carried out by soldiers in the field. In Nazi commanders formed a number of mobile killing squads called einsatzgruppen (German for .